Archive for the Equipment Category

Which To Choose – A Small Or Large Aquarium

Most aquarists are dictated to by circumstance. There is a really big aquarium, at a really good price, but one rather definite problem, and that is there’s nowhere to put it. So a smaller aquarium is chosen, but not by choice. However, even in the described circumstances, a smaller aquarium could be the one of choice.

Most aquarists dream big, visualizing that final aquarium that will bring the ultimate reef. In most cases, it never materializes. Some are lucky of course. There are some beautiful big reefs about.

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Aquarium Temperature – How To Control It

The aquarist has a responsibility in his/her aquarium to maintain stable water conditions, and this applies for fish only systems and also particularly for reef systems. The stability referred to here is the continuing maintenance of appropriate levels of pH, alkalinity, calcium and the like, and also the maintenance of appropriately low levels of phosphate and nitrate. What must also be included in water parameter stability is temperature.

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Be Careful When Selecting Your Return Pump

If you utlise a sump inside your aquarium them there is one thing you will need for certain – you will need to return the water back to the display aquarium.

For this you will require an aquarium pump.

However, it is not as simple as going out and purchasing the first, best or even cheapest pump you can find. There are various calculations which you need to consider.

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Nano Systems – They’ve Been Categorized – But They Still Need Looking After

We all know what is meant by a nano system, don’t we? It’s a very small marine system of, say, 10 gallons or less that is dedicated to a fish or two, and a piece or two of live rock.. That’s right, isn’t it?

Well, no, it isnt. It may be that I’m uneducated (and I’m not saying that possibility is unlikely!). A nano system is now placed into any of three categories.

First of all, the nano is a system under 50 gallons. I’m not sure if this refers to the gross or net capacity of the aquarium.

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What Happens If You Lose Power

This happened to me today – just as I was sitting down at the dinner table the power suddenly went off.

Up I jumped quick as a flash to make sure that the aquarium was ok – my wife was more concerned over the freezer and that all the food might defrost – she obviously needs to look at her priorities!

My son found it all highly amuzing watching his mummy and daddy running around the house leaving their dinners to go cold – and we didn’t even ask if we could leave the table.

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Aquarium Lighting – What Are Your Options?

Water quality (in which I include water movement) is top of the list in importance when it comes to keeping a saltwater aquarium. Closely following water quality is lighting, as much life on the reef depends on it.

The lighting used for a reef aquarium is more intense than on any other type. The reason for this is that we are trying to simulate the sun as far as humanly possible. The lighting used on the reef aquarium is normally more towards the blue end of the colour spectrum as we are trying to produce the lighting colours present at between 10m and 30m in water depth.

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How To Maintain Calcium Levels

Calcium is a building block on the reef and is essential. Many corals, invertebrates etc depend on it. Let’s discuss parameters first, then look at how calcium can be provided. It is generally accepted that in a home marine reef aquarium a calcium reading between 350ppm and 450ppm is acceptable.

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Sumps, Should I Use One?

There are various ways of improving the chances of success when designing a salt water aquarium. Using modern effective methods of filtration, correct and appropriate lighting and stocking properly are some examples.

Whatever the type of aquarium that is being considered, be it fish only or reef, using a sump is always an excellent move. The sump will improve the chances of success considerably more in the reef system, but will improve matters in the fish only aquarium also.

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What does a protein skimmer do?

Protein skimming (foam fractionation) is actually another type of filtration.

Protein skimming allows for the removal of certain types of DOC’s (dissolved organic compounds) from the water. What happens is that very small bubbles of air are passed through the salt water – this occurs inside what is normally called a reaction chamber. The organic matter in the water ‘sticks’ to the side of the air bubble and rises up with the bubble. Once the bubble reaches the top of the chamber foam is created. Over time these organics get pushed higher and higher until eventually they rise and fall into the collection cup of the skimmer ready for emptying by the aquarist.

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Laminar Flow, Turbulence, Surge Flow – What’s All That Then?

It is said that water quality in the marine aquarium, whether the aquarium is a reef or fish only, is of paramount importance. I agree with that entirely, water quality is at the top of the major needs list.

Though not part of the actual water quality itself, water movement could be included as part of that requirement. If the potential water parameters are excellent, this can be degraded by poor water movement and also the wrong kind of movement.

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