Ah, now the picture above is the way we should feel when we view our aquariums: peaceful, relaxing, colourful and any other fitting words that can be thought of. Many aquarists do get this, including myself. Just sitting and looking, a great stress destroyer. Maintenance becomes moreRead more →
Feeding marine fish is very enjoyable, an interaction between the aquarist and his/her livestock. Some fish are usually easy to feed such as damsels and others could be more difficult such as some butterfly fish. Feeding is so enjoyable that there is the danger that too muchRead more →
There are many ways that aquarists can maintain high quality seawater. Yes, we’re back to that again, but no apologies as it would be great if all aquariums were successful and high quality seawater is very important, in fact, the most important aspect for success. A problemRead more →
Thousands upon thousands of potential aquarists make the decision to start a saltwater aquarium, be these fish only or reef aquariums all around the world. Unfortunately a lot of these aquarists ultimately give up in this amazing hobby. There are many reasons as to why people giveRead more →
I answer numbers of questions concerning various aspects of marine aquarium keeping. Looking at the subjects of all these questions it seems one of the biggest problems that is faced by aquarists is excessive nitrate (NO3). If it is not a problem the subject seems to puzzleRead more →
No, no, you’ve got the wrong end of the stick! It’s not some horrible problem at all, but to do with aquariums. Marine aquariums need bio-filtration, and this is provided by bacteria. The bacteria of course need a place to live and to avail oneself of thisRead more →
Considering the maintenance of high quality seawater there are certain items we do not want to see at all, or at least wish to minimise them.
One parameter that often rears its head is nitrate. In the fish only aquarium nitrate can be allowed to rise a little, though personally I believe efforts should be made to keep it at the same level as a reef aquarium (the fish live on the wild reefs after all). The reef aquarium should ideally have no measurable nitrate, and the maximum guideline limit is 10 parts per million (ppm). This is because the reef system contains livestock that are more susceptible to trouble with high nitrate levels. Nitrate is also a nutrient for nuisance algae.Read more →
In a saltwater aquarium it is preferential to have both nitrates and phosphate as well as various other nutrients at the lowest possible level you can achieve.
Growing algae in the sump or in the refugium is an excellent way to remove nutrients from the water column, good examples which are nitrate and phosphate.
Once established the algae in the sump/refugium can reduce the nutrients to a very low level.Read more →
The canister filter has been in use for decades. Freshwater aquarists were the first to make use of them and they still do. Then along came the marine aquarium and the canister filter was employed to support those to. Canister filters have been around for so long that they are now very dependable and failures are rare.Read more →